Whats the difference between ergoemacs and ergoemacs-mode?
Ergoemacs is a set of customizations that make emacs easier to use. It also includes ergoemacs-mode. The minor mode, ergoemacs-mode, implements the keybindings (and some other features) via a minor-mode that can be toggled to get back to standard emacs.
How do you select text when using ergoemacs-mode and ergoemacs-arrow keys
You can hold the left Alt, then right hand press space to mark, then right hand using any of QWERTY i j k l to move by char, line, or u o to move by word. ⇧ Shift+U and ⇧ Shift+O to move by paragraph/block.
Of course, you can also use the standard shortcuts. For example, to select all, you can press Ctrl+a. To move up, you can press ⇧ Shift+↓ to select text downward.
Another option is to use the ergoemacs reduction key theme. Then the shift-movement keys work.
Some of my backspace keys have been muted by ergoemacs-mode
Ergoemacs-mode allows key sequences to be changed with a backspace key. This masks some of the delete key sequences like C-x Backspace which runs backward-kill-sentence. You can turn this off by the following
(define-key ergoemacs-normal-translation-local-map (kbd "DEL") nil)
If you wish to remove it from the other specialized translations you can do that as well:
(define-key ergoemacs-ctl-to-alt-translation-local-map (kbd "DEL") nil) (define-key ergoemacs-unchordedl-translation-local-map (kbd "DEL") nil)
You can also allow ergoemacs-mode to translate the Delete key to backspace, so Ctl+x backspace can be typed as Ctrl+x Delete key
How do you get a 【▤ Menu】 key in Mac OS X
Some of ergoemacs keys make use of the 【▤ Menu】 key. One way to set this up in a mac is to replace the Caps Lock key with F13 or above, and tell emacs that F13 is actually the menu key. This is done by:
- Downloading and installing Karabiner
- Going to the Simple Modifications tab in Karabiner
- Adding a mapping from caps lock to F13
- Adding the translation to emacs startup script (like ~/.emacs or ~/.emacs.d/init.el) as follows:
(define-key key-translation-map (kbd "<f13>") (kbd "<menu>"))
Why don't you use the standard emacs key notation?
The emacs key notation is common across emacs, but not common for new
users. One of the goals of ergoemacs-mode is to allow new emacs users
to not have to learn anything about the keys to start using emacs.
Therefore, all keys are defined in Ctrl+s notation instead of
I was expecting C-j to be mapped to copy but instead it's C-c on my dvorak
You have some options to get to copy and paste:
- You can Alt + the normal key positions for undo cut copy paste
- If you want, you can easily do it with:
(global-set-key (kbd "<C-j>") 'ergoemacs-cut-line-or-region)
- If you want you can keep all standard shortcuts in the normal QWERTY positions by:
(setq ergoemacs-theme nil) (setq ergoemacs-change-fixed-layout-to-variable-layout t) (setq ergoemacs-keyboard-layout "dv") (require 'ergoemacs-mode) (ergoemacs-mode 1)
I want to modify my modifiers to work differently on a mac
Ergoemacs-mode uses the Option/Alt key as the Meta key by default. To use Command as the Alt key and Option as the Super key, set
(setq ns-command-modifier 'meta) (setq ns-alternate-modifier 'super)See also here for more information about setting modifiers. Note that this can interfere with some global shortcuts. For example, Ergoemacs-mode uses Meta-SPC to set the mark. However, typing Command-SPC ordinarily brings up Spotlight. To disable this and allow Ergoemacs to use this binding, go into
System Preferences -> Keyboard -> Shortcuts -> Spotlightand disable that binding.